8. juni 2012
Det er skæbnens ironi, at der skulle komme en serie af terrorangreb rettet mod Vesten, før vestlige historikere fik den opfattelse, at Islam i virkeligheden var en fredelig religion. Tilbage i 1998 udgav The Learning Channel en serie på otte udsendelser under overskriften War & Civilization, baseret på John Keegans bøger, med speak af selveste Walter Concrite.
Her fra afsnittet om ‘Horse Warriors’, der blandt andet fortæller om hvorledes Islams militære erobringer var tæt knyttet til Islams religiøse forskrifter. Delvis transkription (12 min.-).
Walter Concrite, speak: For at thousand years the horse warrior would rule the battlefield. Soon the horse would bring another invader from the East. One driven by a revolutionary new motivation for war.
In 632 AD a soldier from of an unknown tribe from the desert Arabia died. His name was Muhammed. Muhammed was the founder of a new faith Islam. One hundred years after Muhammeds death, the Arab followers of Islam face the Christian army at Poitiers in France. Muhammed had taught his followers, to fight for other men, till they said, there is no God but Allah. This was Islamic Jihad. Holy war. At the early eight century, the Arabs had conquered an area as large as the empire of Alexander the Great. For over a hundred years, people, cities, naughbours, empires fell to the armies.
Though highly mobile, the Arabs were not a horse people. Their roots were deep in the desert of Arabia, home of a different beast. The desert could not support many horses. But those the Arab had, were spirited elegant beast. The Arabs traveled to the battlefield by camel. The horses followed, riderless, to stay fresh. This way the Arabs could appear where the weren’t expected, and mount their favorite type of attack, the Ghazw, or raid. Surprise gave the islamic armies the advantage. They won their astonishing victories without new tactics or weaponary. The secret to their succes lay elsewhere. In their moral.
Muhammed, the founder of Islam was also a soldier. Muhammed the Profet taught that all muslims must help each other. But Mohammed the soldier went further. He didn’t just practice war, he preached it. ‘Oh you who believe, fight the unbelievers who are near to you.’
John Keegan, historiker: The distinctive thing about Islam, is that it communicated an idea for fighting to its followers – there hadn’t previously been an religion, which called on its followers to fight disbelievers. … That call to fight disbelief, or resistance to disbelief was extraordinaryly powerful.
Walter Concrite: The Christian armies that they faced outnumbered them 5 to 1, but lacked Islams ‘sense of mission’.
(War & Civilization, The Learning Channel, 1998; Youtube)
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