31. juli 2018

Apropos Churchill: “The men who go first are rarely popular with those who wait for the wind to blow.”

Jeg fik taget en masse billeder med mobilen i Københavns, og de fleste er ikke værd at bringe her. Fotoet af Winston Churchill-busten i Churchillparken ved Kastellet er en undtagelse. Ved siden af busten, var mindesmærker for henholdsvis krigsheltene Anders Lassen og Kaj Birksted. Sidstnævnte havde følgende inskription.

“The men who go first are rarely popular with those who wait for the wind to blow.” (R.V. Jones)

(Winston Churchill-buste i Churchillparken, København, 2018)

Oploadet Kl. 12:55 af Kim Møller — Direkte link15 kommentarer
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24. januar 2018

London: Hærværk mod Churchill-café – “… spraying abuse… ’scum’, ‘warmonger’ and ‘imperialist.'”

Der har mig bekendt ikke været politisk motiveret hærværk mod hverken Café Castro på Nørrebro eller Fidel’s i Århus, og meget sigende, så kan man i Danmark ligefrem købe vodka brandet med hammer & segl.

I England går selverklærede antifascister nu efter en Winston Churchill-café, for Old Winston var som bekendt også antikommunist. Historieløs hærværk omtalt hos Daily Mail – Winston Churchill-themed cafe is hit by vandals defacing mural of the wartime leader with graffiti calling him ’scum’, ‘warmonger’ and ‘imperialist’.

“An award-winning Winston Churchill-themed cafe is being targeted by protesters – and has had to remove a giant mural of the wartime hero after repeated vandalism.

Diners at Blighty UK cafe in Finsbury Park, north London drink from Churchill mugs underneath model Spitfires and Union Jack flags. … The cafe’s signature dish is ‘The Winston’ – a traditional full English breakfast with Cumberland sausage and Yorkshire black pudding.

The trendy eaterie also originally boasted a striking street art mural of Churchill’s famous two fingers pose, alongside the slogan ‘double shot’ – jokily claiming that he was ordering a double espresso.

But the mural had to be scrapped after vandals repeatedly defaced the design by spraying abuse including ’scum’, ‘warmonger’ and ‘imperialist’.

And now protesters have even started a petition to try and force the owners to abandon their Churchill theme, which they claim is ‘using history in a light-hearted fancy dress manner’.”

Oploadet Kl. 04:32 af Kim Møller — Direkte link24 kommentarer


9. oktober 2015

Boudica (61 AD): “Let us show them that they are hares and foxes trying to rule over dogs and wolves”

I år 61 anførte Kelter-dronningen Boudica et oprør mod de romerske højborge Colchester, St. Albans og London. Hele 70.000 mennesker blev brutalt nedslagtet, ikke bare romere, men også britiske kollaboratører. Her lidt fra hendes tale før det sidste slag, som Kelterne tabte.

“You have learned by actual experience how different freedom is from slavery. Hence, although some among you may previously, through ignorance of which was better, have been deceived by the alluring promises of the Romans, yet now that you have tried both, you have learned how great a mistake you made in preferring an imported despotism to your ancestral mode of life, and you have come to realize how much better is poverty with no master than wealth with slavery. … Let us show them that they are hares and foxes trying to rule over dogs and wolves. (Boudiccas, 61 AD, Dot-Domesday)

(Thomas Thornycroft’ statue af Boudica, Westminster Pier, London)

“This is probably the most horrible episode which our Island has known. We see the crude and corrupt beginnings of a higher civilisation blottet out by the ferocious uprising of the native tribes. Still, it is the primary right of men to die and kill for the land they live in, and to punish with exceptional severity all members of their own race who have warmed their hands at the invaders’ hearth.” (Winston Churchill, A History of the English-speaking peoples (Bd. I, 1956, s. 20).

Oploadet Kl. 07:27 af Kim Møller — Direkte link12 kommentarer


24. januar 2015

Winston Churchill 1874-1965 – 50 år i dag

I dag er det præcist 50 år siden Winston Churchill udåndede efter en blodprop ni dage tidligere. Under et længere ophold i London tilbage i 2001, så jeg de omgivelser der gjorde den usikre unge Churchill til den stålsatte statsmand. Det være sig ikke mindst Blenheim Palace og landstedet Chartwell. Året efter blev jeg far, og navnet lå ligefor – Victor Winston. En i dag 12-årig dreng, der sidder i den anden ende af stuen med sin Ipad i lykkelig uvidenhed om en tid der gjorde drenge til mænd, og enkelte politikere til statsmænd.

Winston Churchills statsbegravelse fandt sted den 30. januar 1965, og selvom jeg foretrækker rå tekst fremfor Youtube-videoer, så kan ord ikke erstatte levende billeder af Churchills Union Jack-klædte kiste, englænderne i baggrunden og London anno 1965. Æret være hans minde.

Oploadet Kl. 22:36 af Kim Møller — Direkte link19 kommentarer
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30. august 2013

Historielektor (eks-DKP) vil have nuancer frem: Churchill nød at se englændere meje 200.000 negre ned

Politiken satte i tirsdagens avis fokus på tidens mange populærhistoriske magasiner, og den lidt for sexede historieformidling kulørte tidsskrifter som Historie, Alt om Historie og Militærhistorie formidlede. Blandt trylleordene i populærhistoriske henseende var markante skikkelser i historien, herunder Cæsar, Lawrence of Arabia, Churchill, Stalin og ikke mindst Hitler – og det er et problem lyder det fra Søren Hein Rasmussen fra Århus Universitet, der kommenterer under overskriften ‘Churchill som eviggod’. (2. sektion s. 1)

“‘… Historien tilbyder lidt mere enkle fortællinger med helte og skurke, hvis motiver ofte er til at forstå. Når den gælder Anden Verdenskrig, kan vi næsten blive enige om at der var gode på den ene side og onde på den anden’

Men de populærhistorieske magasiner bør betragtes som underholdning, og de er mere i familie med Hollywood end den videnskabelige disciplin historie.

Det mener Søren Hein Rasmussen, lektor i historie ved Aarhus Universitet, der har forsket i, hvordan den kolde krig tog sig ud i populærkulturen.

‘Historiebranchen forklæder sig som noget, der er mere skinbarligt virkeligt, end hvis der var tale om film med Swarzenegger og Stallone. Men der er en del af underholdningsbranchen’, siger han.

Nuancerne mangler, når de historiske personer bliver gjort til arketyper, der enten er gode eller onde, men sådan fungerer verden nu engang, lyder det fra historielektoren.

Dog minder han om at dikotomien mellem Adolf Hitler og Winston Churchill kommer til at sløre sandheden.

‘Vi hører om Churchills enestående vedholdenhed og idealer og ikke, at han skrev hjem om, hvor fedt det var at se englænderne meje 200.000 negere ned‘.”

Oploadet Kl. 15:45 af Kim Møller — Direkte link59 kommentarer


17. oktober 2012

Winston Churchill fik ikke mulighed for at tale mod ‘appeasement’ på BBC i årene op til 2. Verdenskrig

Yderst interessant historie fra Daily Telegraph, der fortæller at Winston Churchill blev syltet af BBC i årene frem mod 2. Verdenskrig. Da han beklagede sig over det, skete det til BBC’s Guy Burgess (foto), der senere blev afsløret som Moskva-tro top-spion. Fra Nick Robinson: Winston Churchill’s bitter battle with the BBC.

“John Reith, the BBC’s founding father, had always disliked Winston Churchill and ended up loathing him. … This was a personality clash with policy consequences. Churchill never forgave the BBC for what he saw as the censorship of his views. Years later, he would exact his revenge.

The way Churchill was handled is a powerful warning of the dangers of the BBC believing it is being balanced by excluding the voices of those who do not represent conventional wisdom.

In the early years of the BBC, Reith’s main way of steering clear of controversy was to aim for political balance. Reith did this by subcontracting the choice of political speakers heard on the BBC. The leadership of each party could choose who broadcast on its behalf. It was an approach that guaranteed exposure for the opinions of ministers and their shadows, while dissident voices were silenced. Winston Churchill and David Lloyd George jointly complained that they were being prevented from broadcasting their views simply because they were not party loyalists. …

Between 1930 and 1939, the number of radio licences issued tripled from three million to almost nine million. Yet in these years, when his voice could have made such an impression on the public consciousness, Churchill was heard only rarely on the BBC. He spoke on just 10 occasions in 10 years, and two of these were appeals for charitable causes.

He was finally invited to give a talk in 1934 and used this opportunity to warn of the danger of ignoring German rearmament. That broadcast demonstrated the impact Churchill could have had in warning the country against appeasement. It was not to be. This was his last radio appearance on the subject before the outbreak of war.

There is no written evidence that Churchill asked the BBC for the opportunity to speak out against appeasement. However, he did complain to a young BBC producer who visited him on the day after Chamberlain returned home from Munich. A memo records their meeting. They spent hours discussing the Nazi threat and “Churchill complained that he had been very badly treated… and that he was always muzzled by the BBC”. The producer was called Guy Burgess. The man who would become his country’s most famous traitor tried to reassure the man who would become its saviour that the BBC was not biased.

After Churchill became prime minister, on 10 May 1940, vast numbers listened to his extraordinary wartime broadcasts. …

On 5 April 1955, E R Thompson, the BBC’s first parliamentary correspondent, delivered the first-ever live TV news report: the announcement that Churchill was retiring. Churchill had unwittingly done the BBC a favour by resigning during a newspaper strike so that the corporation had the story to itself. Not for much longer, though. Some years earlier, Churchill had taken a decision that would change television for good.

He had decided to break the monopoly that his old enemy John Reith had considered so vital for broadcasting. He did so in the face of Reith’s hysterical warning that commercial television would be as disastrous for Britain as “dog racing, smallpox and bubonic plague”. Indeed, that wild overstatement seems to have helped overcome Churchill’s initial doubts. The grand old man explained his conversion to his doctor, Lord Moran: “For 11 years, they kept me off the air. They prevented me from expressing views that proved to be right. Their behaviour has been tyrannical.”

Not for the last time, the BBC was being punished by a prime minister who could not and would not forget how they had mistreated him two decades earlier. Not for the first time Churchill was to be proved right and Reith completely wrong. The legacy of their bitter personal feud was the end of the BBC’s monopoly and the creation of a brand-new TV channel.”

Oploadet Kl. 22:51 af Kim Møller — Direkte link8 kommentarer


4. april 2012

“Der kan ikke være Tale om at købe Fred. Ingen nye Indrømmelser kan gøres overfor Trusler om Vold.”

Ingen kunne som salige Winston Churchill sætte ord på det engelske folks kampvilje. Her lidt fra en kommentar han skrev kort før Hitler gik ind i Polen, og en tale han holdt i Underhuset, to dage efter. Udgivet på dansk i 1949 under titlen Skridt for Skridt, oversat af Peter De Hemmer Gudme fra Step by Step (1948).

“Det bliver vanskeligere og vanskeligere at se, hvorledes Krig kan undgaas. Det er vel ikke rigtigt at opgive Haabet, men Begivenhederne er paa alle Hold i Bevægelse og gaar ad alle Veje mod en Katastrofe. De tyske militære Forberedelser har allerede naaet et Punkt, hvor Aktion i største Stil er mulig, hvilket Øjeblik det skal være. …

Naar man staar på Flodbrinken (Rhinen, Kim), ser man Tyskerne i Færd med at gøre deres Pigtraadsspærringer færdige, og man har en Følelse af at staa og se paa Folk, der naar som helst kan blive Fjender, og paa Kanoner, som kan aabne Ilden ved Daggry næste Morgen. Disse Forhold giver et Indtryk af og faar En til at føle Europas og Verdens tragiske, skæbnetunge Tilstand. Langs alle Fronter Hundreder af Kilometer langt staar Hundredetusinder af Mænd bevæbnede med de mest dræbende Vaaben, der nogensinde er kendt, og bag dem venter mange Millioner flere paa det frygtelige Signal, som de straks vil adlyde. … Der er Hverken Sandhed eller Fornuft i den Paastand, at Hitler er gaaet for Vidt til at kunne standse. …

De Nationer, som danner Ikke-Angrebsfronten, kan ikke selv gøre mere. Der kan ikke være Tale om at købe Fred. Ingen nye Indrømmelser kan gøres overfor Trusler om Vold. Vi kan ikke betale Tyskland for at undlade at gøre Uret.

De kan ikke glemme, at enhver Indrømmelse, der er gjort i oprigtigt Ønske om at bevare Freden, i Tyskland fortolkedes som et Vidnesbyrd om Svaghed og Degeneration. Enhver Opsættelse af Genrustning tilskreves egenkærlig Modstræbelse mod at kæmpe. Enhver Hentydning til Krigens Rædsler tilskreves umandig Frygt. …

Det Tidspunkt er kommet, da der ikke regnes med Nazismens Ord. Det gør ingen Forskel, om de er glatte eller voldsomme. Handlingerne alene er bestemmende for vor Dom. Hvis der ikke foretages nogen Handling overfor os, saa vil vi vedblive at være paa vor Post; hvis der vises venskabelig Handling, vil vi gengælde det fra vor Side, hvis der foretages fornyet Angrebshandling, vil vi tage Krigen. …

Nogle af de ledenden Nazister synes at nære det Haab, at hvis de i Begyndelsen sejrede over Polen, kunde de vende sig til den anden Side og tilbyde de vesteuropæiske demokratiske Lande Fred. De maa hellere opgive saadanne Vildfarelser. De, der valgte, hvilket Øjeblik Krigen skulde begynde, skal ikke have Lov til at vælge, hvornaar den skal ende.

Hvis det nazistiske Styre paatvinger Verden en Krig, vilde selve et frit Styres Tilværelse blandt Menneskene staa paa Spil. En saadan Kamp vilde ikke ende, før Rettens Herredømme og det demokratiske og parlamentariske Styres suveræne Magt atter var oprettet paa det solide Grundlag, som vi i vor Sorgløshed har ladet det glide fra; den kunde ikke ende, saalænge nogen Stat, selv den mindste eller svageste, som havde været Folkeforbundspagten tro, led under Overgreb mod dens Ret eller Landomraade ved brutal Vold.” (26. august 1939, I den elvte Time, s. 154-156; tidl. trykt i Berlingske Aftenavis)

—–

“Chamberlain udtalte, at Dagen i Dag var en sørgelig Dag, men det forekommer mig, at der er en anden Tone, der maa gives Udtryk for i dette Øjeblik, en Følelse af Taknemmelighed over, at naar disse store Prøvelser skulde komme ind over vort Land, at der saa nu er en Generation af Briter rede til at vise sig disse Dage værdig og ikke uværdig de store Mænd, vort Lands Fædre, der lagde Grundstenen til det og opbyggede vor Lands Storhed.

Spørgsmaalet er ikke at kæmpe for Danzig og Polen. Vi kæmper for at frelse Verden fra det nazistiske Tyrannis Pestilens og for at forsvare alt, hvad der er helligt for Mennesker. Dette er ikke en Krig om Besiddelser, om Imperiets Udvidelse, en Krig for materiel Vinding eller en Krig for at udelukke nogen Land fra dets Plads i Solen. Det er en Krig for at genoprette og revidere Menneskerettighederne.” (3. september 1939, Ved Krigens Udbrud, s. 157-158; tale i Underhuset, tidl. gengivet i Nationaltidende)

(Winston Churchill malet af Douglas Chandor i 1948)

Oploadet Kl. 23:49 af Kim Møller — Direkte link13 kommentarer
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5. januar 2012

“The editor… considered the articles too alarmist and decided not to publish them.”

Winston Churchill blev i 30’erne kaldt ‘warmonger’, blandt andet fordi han problematiserede den tyske militarisering. Churchill rejste i 30’erne af flere omgange rundt i Tyskland for at researche til en biografi over hans forfader John Marlborough, der efter Slaget ved Blenheim (Blindheim) i 1704 fik Blenheim Palace som tak. Slottet hvor Winston Churchill trådte sin barnesko.

Den amerikanske journalist Leland Stowe fik Pullitzerprisen som ung korrespondent i 1930, men karriere tog aldrig fart. Alarmister er ikke altid populære. Biografi på Spartacus Educational.

In the summer of 1933 Stowe visited Nazi Germany. He was shocked by what he discovered and wrote a series of articles where he argued that Adolf Hitler would over the next few years would attempt to take control of “Austria and large slices of Central Europe”. Stowe warned that within ten years Europe would be engulfed in a conflict that would be as bad as the First World War.

The editor of the New York Tribune considered the articles too alarmist and decided not to publish them. Stowe was determined to reveal what was going on in Germany and published the articles in book form under the title Nazi Germany Means War (1933). Only a couple of newspapers and magazines reviewed the book and it sold badly in both Britain and the United States.

On the outbreak of the Second World War Stowe’s newspaper told him he was too old to serve as a war correspondent. As he was only 39 he was able to persuade the Chicago Daily News and the New York Post to employ him. Over the next six years he reported the war from forty-four countries on four continents. It is claimed that Stowe’s articles in Norway in May 1940 helped force Neville Chamberlain from office as prime minister.”

Oploadet Kl. 18:38 af Kim Møller — Direkte link9 kommentarer


27. marts 2009

Churchills begravelse, 30. januar 1965

(se evt. Funeral Service of Sir Winston Churchill: I, II & III)

Oploadet Kl. 17:44 af Kim Møller — Direkte link4 kommentarer


31. marts 2008

Churchill vil krig – Ungdommen vil fred

Sjov lille historisk flyer (8 x 4,5 cm) købt på QXL af undertegnede.

Oploadet Kl. 17:29 af Kim Møller — Direkte link29 kommentarer
Denne weblog er læst af siden 22. juni 2003.

 

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